The chief source of scampi to the EU market, the traditional production systems remain predominantly extensive, although a rapidly developing export market is driving a reappraisal of how best to exploit the enormous potential for aquaculture production.
The pioneering country of SE Asian aquaculture, production has seen significant increase, specifically with regard to shrimp and prawn. There are long established links with EU academic partners, first established in the 1970s.
With a varied topography and climate, species farmed include cold water salmonids in the north in addition to the celebrated success story that is pangasius and shrimp farming in the south. Aquaculture production has been increasing rapidly since the 1980s.